Ptolemaios XII Auletes (117–51 TCN, tiếng Hy Lạp: Αὐλητής, Πτολεμαῖος) là một pharaon Ai Cập. Learning from previous mistakes, Ptolemy XII shifted popular resentment of tax increases from himself to a Roman, his main creditor Gaius Rabirius Postumus, whom he appointed dioiketes (minister of finance), and so in charge of debt repayment. The manner in which he ruled his empire did not offer very many benefits to the general public. He is assumed to have been an illegitimate son of Ptolemy IX Soter, perhaps by an Alexandrian woman.  There, Ptolemy XII and Ptolemy of Cyprus seem to have been captured by Mithridates VI of Pontus in 88 BC, at the outbreak of the First Mithridatic War. , On his arrival in Alexandria, in April 80 BC, Ptolemy XII was proclaimed king. Ptolemeusz XII Auletes - popiersie. "Cleopatra VII was born to Ptolemy XII Auletes (80–57 BCE, ruled 55–51 BCE) and Cleopatra, both parents being Macedonian Greeks." The Alexandrians then summoned Ptolemy XII to return to Egypt and assume the kingship; his brother became king of Cyprus, where he would reign until 58 BC. 6. His uncle, Ptolemy X, had left Egypt to Rome in the event there were no surviving heirs, making Roman annexation of Egypt a possibility. Sign up for our Britannica for Parents newsletter for expert advice on parenting in the 21st century! Many experts now identify Cleopatra VI with Cleopatra V., Bust of Ptolemy XII housed at the Department of Greek, Etruscan and Roman Antiquities at the, Πτολεμαῖος Νέος Διόνυσος Φιλοπάτωρ Φιλάδελφος, sfn error: no target: CITEREFSullivan1990 (. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Ptolemy XII Auletes has received more than 535,095 page views. Perhaps Gabinius had also put pressure on Ptolemy XII to appoint Rabirius, who now had direct access to the financial resources of Egypt but exploited the land too much. 45–47, accessed online, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ptolemy_XII_Auletes&oldid=1000662519, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Koinē Greek-language text, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Pages with login required references or sources, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Ptolemy Neos Dionysos Philopator Philadelphos, Queen of Egypt (June 58 BC – early 55 BC), Queen of Cyprus in 48 BC, claimed queenship of Egypt from late 48 BC until expelled by, Co-regent with Cleopatra VII (51 – 47 BC), Co-regent with Cleopatra VII (47 – 44 BC), This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 03:12.  During this time, Roman creditors realized that they would not get the return on their loans to the king without his restoration. At the same time, Ptolemy IX Soter replaces Ptolemy X Alexander, who is killed soon after. Before him are Zeno of Citium (-334), Barnabas (1), and Theodora (500). But he may instead be the son of Ptolemy IX by Cleopatra IV. When Cleopatra assumed power over Egypt, she succeeded Ptolemy XII Neos Dionysos (Auletes) as the Pharaoh of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. Auletes có nghĩa là người thổi sáo, vốn dĩ ông có biệt hiệu này vì sở thích của ông là thổi sáo. He was commonly known as Auletes (Αὐλητής, "the Flautist"), referring to the king's love of playing the flute in Dionysian festivals. Her mother is believed to be Cleopatra V Tryphaena, Ptolemy XII’s wife and probably his stepsister. Cleopatra’s father was known as Ptolemy XII. Auletes means pipes-player, referring to the king’s love of playing the pipes. , In 55 BC, Ptolemy paid Aulus Gabinius 10,000 talents to invade Egypt and so recovered his throne. In that year, Ptolemy XII served as the Priest of Alexander and Ptolemaic kings (an office which Ptolemy IX otherwise held himself throughout his reign) and had a festival established in his honour in Cyrene. But he may instead be the son of Ptolemy IX by Cleopatra IV. According to Strabo, his practice of playing the flute earned him the ridiculing sobriquet Auletes ('flute player'): Brothers/Sisters:-Arsinoe IV of Egypt, Berenice IV of Egypt, Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator, Ptolemy XIV of Egypt. The Ptolemy Dynasty was founded in Egypt by one of Alexander the Greats generals over three centuries earlier. Auletes means pipes-player, referring to the king's love of playing the pipes. With Roman funding and military assistance, Ptolemy XII was able to recapture Egypt and have Berenice IV killed in 55 BC. However, he was forced into a civil war against his mother and brother, Ptolemy X, leading to his exile in 107 BC. Ptolemy XII died sometime before 22 March 51 BC. She was the daughter of Ptolemy XII (Auletes), a descendant of Ptolemy I Soter, one of Alexander the Great’s generals. She was murdered by his rival in 114 BC.  Ptolemy XII continued this pro-Roman policy in order to protect himself and secure his dynasty's fate. Ptolemy XII finally recovered his throne by paying Aulus Gabinius 10,000 talents to invade Egypt in 55 BC. Before she ruled Egypt as a sole monarch she was a co-regent with her father and two brothers. However, Cicero and other ancient sources refer to Ptolemy XII as an illegitimate son; Pompeius Trogus called him a "nothos" (bastard), while Pausanias wrote that Ptolemy IX had no legitimate sons at all. Important Facts. The strategic role of C. Rabirius Postumus as the 2004. sfnp error: no target: CITEREFSchiff2011 (, harvtxt error: no target: CITEREFLefkowtiz1997 (, "Pharaonic temples in Upper Egypt from the Ptolemaic and Roman periods - UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "Eusebius: Chronicle p. 167, accessed online", Strabo, Geography, Book XVII, pp. Rome annexed Cyprus in 58 BC, causing Ptolemy of Cyprus to commit suicide. Ptolemy XII (Ptolemy Auletes) (tŏl`əmē ôlē`tēz), d. 51 B.C., king of ancient Egypt (80–58 B.C., 55–51 B.C. His reign was officially dated as having begun on the death of his father in 81 BC, thereby eliding the reigns of Berenice III and Ptolemy X. Early life. Ptolemy XII Auletes. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Ptolemy XII Auletes article. Cleopatra was one of several children of a descendant of this first Ptolemy, Ptolemy XII Auletes. Thousand talents – an enormous sum, equivalent to the total annual revenue Egypt... 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